Mission: ‘To make a sustainable contribution to the development of border-management procedures that meet European Union standards and serve the legitimate needs of Moldovan and Ukrainian citizens, travellers, and trade, which in turn enhances regional security and supports economic development’
The European Union Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine (EUBAM) was launched on 30 November 2005 following a request made jointly to the European Commission by the presidents of the Republic Moldova and Ukraine. A range of illicit cross-border activity, including trafficking of human beings, smuggling and other illegal trade, was occurring along the 1,222km-long MD/UA border. Confidence building initiatives were also needed to facilitate a peaceful settlement of the unresolved questions of the secessionist region of Transnistria in Moldova, which lies adjacent to 453 km of the same border.
Funded by the European Union within the context of the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument, and with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) acting as implementing partner, EUBAM is an advisory, technical body mandated to enhance the border-management capacities of its partners – the border guard and customs authorities and other law enforcement and State agencies of Moldova and Ukraine. By offering comprehensive support from its headquarters in Odessa and six field offices on either side of the Moldova/Ukraine common border, EUBAM promotes trade, that border and customs procedures and standards aligned with those prevalent in the European Union.
Since the 2014 signing of the Association Agreements between the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine and the EU, special attention has been devoted to the fulfilment of the requirements of those Agreements including Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area.
On a broader context and within the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy, EUBAM is a unique instrument by which the EU strives on the one hand to encourage the movement of legitimate trade and travel, and on the other hand to guarantee security for its citizens and tackle criminality.
EUBAM has a biennial budget of ˆ21 million (2013-2015) and a staff of approximately 100 seconded and contracted staff mostly from EU member States, and more than 120 national staff of Moldova and Ukraine. A Memorandum of Understanding signed by the European Commission, the government of Moldova, and the government of Ukraine in late 2005 is the legal basis for EUBAM, while an advisory board – which meets twice a year – acts as the Mission’s governing body. The Mission’s six core values are neutrality, partnership, reliability, results, service and transparency. The mandate of the Mission has already been extended three times (in 2007, 2009 and 2011), with the current mandate expiring on 30 November, 2015.